A new video telling about the SRP PAIS is available

A new video telling about the SRP PAIS is available

29 March 2021

A new video telling about the SRP PAIS is available from here (9:20 minutes long version) and here (2:20 minutes long version) and...

Calls and opportunities



04 April 2020

      Co-PI Programme Call, open from 21stNovember 2019 onwards. This running call will be open for the continuous submission of propo...

Recent papers

PAIS: The Sound of a Community Effort

“Every contribution matters.” Anybody who ever played in a sport team probably heard this sentence at some point. Actually, this is completely true also as far as science is concerned. Whereas in the collective imagination science is about big discoveries made by a single genius, the truth is that great science is made little by little, step by step. Science is a community effort in which every contribution matters. And that is the concept from which this video was born. 


PAIS publication acknowledgement:

Where PAIS activities have contributed to thinking or ideas behind a research publication it is appropriate to acknowledge SCAR PAIS, such as  “This research is a contribution to the SCAR PAIS program”. Please notify us of the paper by emailing and

SCAR Scientific Research Programme PAIS

The SCAR Scientific Research Programme PAIS (Past Antarctic Ice Sheet dynamics) aims to improve understanding of the sensitivity of East, West, and Antarctic Peninsula Ice Sheets to a broad range of climatic and oceanic conditions.

PAIS builds on the success of SCAR-ACE (Antarctic Climate Evolution), but with a new focus on the ice sheet rather than palaeoclimate reconstructions. Study intervals span a range of timescales, including past "greenhouse" climates warmer than today, and times of more recent warming and ice sheet retreat during glacial terminations.

Read more....

facebook like box joomla

Flickr Logo

Loading script and Flickr images

Scar-PAIS Youtube Channel

Some high-latitude glaciers are found to remain sensitive to 41 000 years obliquity variations despite a global climate paced at roughly 100 000 years.

Nature communications by Mackay and Marchant.

The last 8 glacial cycles, as retrieved from paleoclimate archives such as Antarctica’s ice cores, are characterised by glacial-interglacial cycles with an ‘irregular periodicity’ of ~100,000 years. However, this was not always the case. Paleoclimate records prior to the mid-Pleistocene transition (prior to 700 ka–1,250 ka ago) show glacial-interglacial cycles paced at around ~41,000 years related primarily to the variations in solar forcing due to cyclical changes in the Earth’s obliquity. In this study, Mackay and Marchant describe a new archive of climate change recorded in debris-covered glaciers. Specifically, they evaluate whether some high latitude glaciers in Antarctica maintain a sensitivity to obliquity forcing despite a global climatic system reacting at a slower tempo. To do so, they gathered observations of massive inclined englacial debris layers, interpreted as indicators of periods of net ablation, from two glaciers in the southern Transantarctic Mountains: the Mullins and Friedman glaciers. They found similar patterns in the two separate glaciers, indicating regional climate change driving their respective mass balance.

By integrating variations in past climatic conditions inferred from the Taylor Dome ice core and reconstructed high-latitude insolation into an energy balance model, they were able to explain non-linear mass balance and geomorphic changes in the two glaciers. The modelled mass balances were then coupled to a model for the development of the inclined englacial debris layers, and they were able to match the model results to the observed englacial debris patterns and corresponding surface topography (Fig. 1).

Fig 1: Correlations between the surface morphology, modelled mass balance, debris layer growth, and climatic forcing over the last 250 000 years at Mullins glacier: a) hillshade relief map of the Mullins glacier showing surface discontinuities associated with englacial inclined debris layers; b) modelled output for the formation of supraglacial debris in the upper accumulation zone; c) modelled mass balance in the critical zone; d) integrated summer energy; e) and f) temperature variations and accumulation, respectively, from the Taylor Dome ice core; and, g) temperature variation from the Vostok ice core.

The results show that, over at least the past ~220 ka, the Mullins and Friedman glaciers have remained sensitive to obliquity variations at ~41,000 years, despite the dominant global climatic response at ~100,000 years during the same time period. In addition to providing a new and independent archive of past climate change, this article highlights the importance of insolation in influencing the dynamics of glaciers systems at high latitudes, shows the complexity of climate-driven geomorphic response between different glacial systems, and points the way for interpreting past climate changes from the analysis of surface patterns on debris-covered glaciers on both Earth and Mars.


Mackay, S.L. and Marchant, D.R. (2017) Obliquity-paced climate change recorded in Antarctic debris-covered glaciers. Nature Communications 8, 14194.